Introduction Training Models Curriculum Modules Learning Tools Assessment Tools MOOC Glossary IENE Community

Population ageing is a long-term trend. The EU-28’s old-age dependency ratio is projected to increase from 28.8 % in 2015 to 51.0 % by 2080 (Eurostat, June 2016).

Providing long-term care in home, is proving to be a viable and cost effective alternative to institutional care. Due to the increasing numbers of older adults and the demand for the home direct-care workers all over Europe, there is a current and, possible, future shortage of trained caregivers.

In many EU Member States, migrants are filling this labour gap, providing essential care services. Migrant elderly caregivers are dealing with important challenges of inadequate education and training, low wages, minimal worker benefits, lack of career advancement opportunities, and erratic and often part-time employment.

The lack of adequate training for elderly caregivers remains a major gap in workforce development.

In the framework of the IENE 7 project, five partners from Romania, UK, Spain and Italy created an innovative European Model and a Curriculum for training migrants who work as caregivers of elderly people in Europe.

The Model is based on the PPT/IENE Model developed in previous IENE 1-6 projects (

The main outputs of the project are the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) available on the Blackboard platform and a easy to navigate Course available on this website.

On the MOOC section, trainers may download our innovative MOOC model and resources and set up their own MOOC: Methodology and content of MOOC , Guide for instructors , the Report of piloting the MOOC and Good practices.

This website provide access to a easy to navigate Course grouped in four units: Cultural awareness, Cultural sensitivity, Cultural knowledge, Cultural competences.

Key outputs

IENE 1, 2008-2010

  • Research report EN
  • PTT/IENE Model EN
  • Report of the survey EN
  • Good Practice Manual EN

IENE 2, 2010-2012

  • Transnational Report  EN
  • ToT methodology  EN  RO  FR  NL
  • Strategic Guide  EN
  • Final conference  EN
  • Brochure with project results  EN

IENE 3, 2013-2015

IENE 4, 2014-2016

  • Report on integrative literature reviews EN
  • Needs assessment report EN
  • An European model for the development of role models to promote and support culturally competent and compassionate care EN
  • Curriculum EN
  • Report of the Tools EN

IENE 5, 2015-2017

  • Needs assessment Report EN
  • Training Model EN RO IT EL DK
  • Curriculum EN
  • Handbook for MOOC facilitators EN
  • MOOC Best Practice Guide EN

IENE 6, 2016-2018

IENE 7, 2017-2019

IENE 8, 2018-2021

IENE 9, 2019-2021

IENE 10, 2020-2022

  • Download the project Outputs here.

IENE 11, 2021-2023

  • Download the project Outputs here.
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Visitors of this website are welcome to use any of the materials for educational purposes as long as they clearly credit their source.