Introduction Training Models Curriculum Modules Learning Tools Assessment Tools MOOC Glossary IENE Community
Email :
Password :

4.1 Changing and addressing racism, discrimination and inequalities

Cultural competence is the ability to provide effective care for clients who come from different cultures. A most important component of the cultural competence is “the ability to recognize and challenge racism and other forms of discrimination and oppressive practice” (Papadopoulos 2006)

The racism and racial discrimination is complex and worrying. There are different forms of racism : anti-Semitism, Anti-Black racism, anti-Gypsyism etc.

Public opinion continued to be openly hostile towards Roma and Travellers in many European countries. Migrants, refugees and asylum seekers are particularly subject to the negative climate of opinion.

The nurses are required to have expertise in dealing with racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism. The issues relating to racism, discrimination, inequality and socio-political aspects should be considered in the nurses education.

Read more on:

Council of Europe- European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance:

Romanian Immigration Office


Hussein, R. G.(2006) Dual diagnosis nursing, Chapter 9, pp. 90-93, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford

Leininger,M. M. And McFarland M. (2002)-Transcultural nursing: concepts, theories, research and practice, ISBN 0-07.135397-6, Chapter 2 pp 53-55, Mc Graw-Hill

Papadopoulos, I. (2006) Transcultural health and social care: development of culturally competent practitioners, pp175-203, ISBN 13 978 099310131.1, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier

Srivastava, R. (1960) The healthcare professional's guide to clinical cultural competence, pp. 8-9 ISBN 0-7796-9960.2, Esevier Canada, Toronto

Wrench, J. (2007) Diversity Management, Discrimination and Ethnic Minorities in Europe, pp. 57-87, ISBN 978-0-7546-4890-1, Ashgate Publishing, Hampshire

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Visitors of this website are welcome to use any of the materials for educational purposes as long as they clearly credit their source.